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Who Moved My Interest Rate epub ë Paperback read ã gymapparel · [PDF] ✈ Who Moved My Interest Rate ⚣ Duvvuri Subbarao – Gym-apparel.co.uk Duvvuri Subbarao’s term as the governor of the Reserve Bank of India from 2008 to 2013 was by all accounts an unusually turbulent period for the world Duvvuri Subbarao’s term as the governor of the Reserve Bank of India from 2008 to 2013 was by all accounts an unusually turbulent period for the world and for India The global financial crisis erupted within a week of his assuming office Then just as the impact of the crisis on India ebbed the action shifted to combating a decade high stubborn inflation during 2009¬¬¬¬–11 which segued into a battle against a sharp depreciation of the rupee starting mid 2012 Who Moved My Intere Unusual it may seem but the common man in India is very familiar with the Reserve Bank of India RBI as the bank which prints currency notes but in which you can’t open a savings account True to the tradition and methodology of central banks worldwide it indulges in a lot of activities designed to ensure the health of the country’s macro economy It is also the monetary authority of the country which keeps inflation under control while supporting growth gatekeeper of the external sector regulates and supervises banks regulates payment and settlement systems and acts as the bank of banks as well as governments Duvvuri Subbarao rose from the IAS cadre of Andhra Pradesh and climbed steadily up the ladder to become Finance Secretary to the nation He was nominated as the Governor of RBI in 2008 by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh This book covers the five years he was in office in which he had to tame the triple monsters such as the sub prime crisis of 2008 European sovereign debt crisis of 2011 and the sudden fall of the rupee in 2013 Rao doesn’t distinguish between his private and official lives and he seems to have dedicated his entire time to satisfy the demands the country had placed on his shoulders With about ten overseas conferences he had had to attend mandatorily in a year there is practically no time left for anything This book is not only about the challenges and dilemmas but also an attempt to demystify the working of the Reserve BankEven though the Governor of RBI is nominally independent of the controls of the government he is bound by convention and precedent to bow to the government’s wishes especially since the governorship is not enshrined in and protected by constitutional safeguards The constant tussle between Rao and P Chidambaram the then Finance minister is hinted at in the book Chidambaram wanted to clip the wings of Rao when he constituted a committee to manage liuidity concerns with the finance secretary as its chairman only a month after Rao’s assuming office This was clear overstepping on the privileges of RBI and Rao vehemently opposed it Besides the government wanted a low interest rate regime in the lending sector to spur economic growth but the bank had to intervene in the opposite direction to curb rampant inflation caused by the faulty fiscal policies of the government Rao claims that he has set a record of 23 times in adjusting the interest rates – 13 times increasing and 10 times diminishing The rate was reduced at first to bring into control the 2008 crisis seeping in from America and raised thereafter to tame inflation and shore up the rupee Rao’s patient analysis of where the government had gone wrong is illuminating He asserts that growth and inflation are not independent variables If one is fixed the other is automatically determined It means that if the RBI is enjoined to deliver an inflation rate the government will have to acuiesce in the growth rate that resulted Governments often get confused on this idea Chidambaram’s messy intervention in an attempt to force RBI policy is seen in another episode from October 2012 The finance minister wanted a rate cut and so he convened a press conference on these lines just a day prior to RBI’s policy meeting But Rao was unrelenting and kept the rates unchanged The minister extracted his revenge in the next G20 summit held in Mexico where he totally ignored Rao in the dinner party hosted by the Indian ambassador Moreover Chidambaram refused to re appoint two eligible deputy governors of the Reserve Bank whose terms were over but were supported by Subbarao for an extensionThe author had a baptism by fire immediately after assuming office as the governor on Sep 5 2008 Just ten days later the famed Lehmann Brothers went bust setting in motion a cascade of events that embroiled the global financial sector in deep agony Even in normal times managing the tension between short term payoffs and longer term conseuence is a constant struggle Rao admits that he wasn’t much familiar about the bank when he joined it and so ushered in a program of dissemination of knowledge to the public His rural outreach programs were the first of the kind in the country This effort is claimed to be a part of demystifying the Reserve Bank in which the author contents himself with partial success Data deficiency is lamented for the failure to link it to shape the economic policy Data on employment wages and industrial production do not inspire confidence Data on services sector which constitute 60 per cent of the GDP are scanty The Modi government’s targeted implementation of GST might be a step in the right direction in doing away with the uncertainty of dataWhat makes Subbarao stands out from the genre of such authors is his readiness to accept failure where it was warranted He couldn’t stem the slide of the rupee in 2013 and was heavily criticized for that This defeat came about through the hands off approach adopted by the bank RBI was interested only in smoothing the transition to a stable exchange rate determined by market forces rather than trying to set the rate themselves This means that if the market has decided to cut down the rupee by 40 per cent the bank will only make the decline smooth to the new level rather than intervening to halt the slide at say 20 per cent Rao also magnanimously attributes the restoration of confidence in Indian markets to the scheduled leadership change at RBI and the formidable reputation of his successor Raghuram Rajan He shows no rancor to Rajan and remains on admirably friendly terms The book demands greater autonomy for the bank which sets monetary policy Regulating the policy might involve short term pain which the government doesn’t like and paves the way for an intervention from DelhiI took up reading this book with some apprehensions because any volume on finance and economic policy is notoriously dry But I must admit that I never felt like abandoning the book without completing it Of course the subject is still dry but somehow Subbarao makes it a little palatable This is in spite of his confession that he needs to improve on the communication front He could’ve included some corridor antics and power play that invariably attends concentration of power in a few people There was ample room for some backroom tactics when the government was initially hesitant to extend Rao’s term after three years supposedly on Chidambaram’s opposition The common man is always in the mind of the author but such complex verbiage like ‘hedging the forex exposures by corporates’ could’ve been simplified or explained The book was published in early 2016 and we sincerely wish that he should’ve postponed it by one year to include an informative discussion on demonetization announced in November 2016 when the high denomination bank notes which comprised 84 per cent of the money in circulation were withdrawn overnight This was such a direct assault on black money that it reverberated across all the corners of the nation but seems to have produced mixed results Readers would’ve enjoyed a detailed analysis of this drastic action from a former RBI governor In the end it can be safely said that the book studiously avoid controversy and sensational topicsThe book is highly recommended

epub ´ Who Moved My Interest Rate î Duvvuri Subbarao

Omy and accountability While much of the existing debate is set in the advanced economy context Who Moved My Interest Rate places these issues suarely in an Indian and emerging market perspectiveThis is also a compelling chronicle of Subbarao’s attempts to demystify the Reserve Bank and explain to the public its impact on their everyday lives Honest authoritative and deeply insightful this book enhances our understanding of what is arguably one of India’s most trusted institutions Page 221 finished He just touched on demonization He wrote this before DeMo thoughsome words are prophetic

Duvvuri Subbarao î Who Moved My Interest Rate book

Who Moved My Interest RateSt Rate is an insider’s account of the dilemmas and uandaries Subbarao confronted while leading the Reserve Bank through these extraordinary economic and political challengesSubbarao’s five years at the Reserve Bank also marked an intellectually vigorous period for central banking around the world Not only did the global financial crisis test the policy force of central banks but it also raised several uestions about the breadth of their mandates and the limitations of their auton There's a peculiar way in which civil servants express themselves be it Mr Vinod Rai or Mr Subbarao This is the second book that I'm reading of a civil service luminary and I guess the word luminary cannot contain the magnitude of contributions our protagonist here has made towards national causeHe's the 11th IAS officer who has been the Governor of RBI Even YV Reddy from whom he got the office was also an IAS officer Before Mr Subbarao there have been IAS officer who have handled the governorship but he is the only person amongst those who has directly been promoted from Finance Secretary to RBI Governor Once an IAS officer accepts the post of RBI governor he's deemed to be retired from the Civil ServicesI used to think that being Governor of RBI from Finance Secretary is a sure shot promotion and that too a privileged one But my father was of the contrary opinion He said that RBI's jurisdiction is severely limited as compared to that of the finance secretary from whose office every single file related to fiscal money passes I'm sure that the ambit of secretarial powers are wide but I would like to clear it out that RBI doesn't only do the job of regulating the banking sector which is the most popular image of the institution Let me tell you the sectors which RBI regulates1 Financial institutions Banks NBFCs RNBCsRBI is popularly known as the central bank or the bank of government or the last resort for the commercial and scheduled banks What is the meaning of all these monikers? It means that RBI is not only responsible for maintaining the government money but also framing rules and regulations for the above mentioned institutions2 Forex ManagementThis includes the maintaining of Forex reserves of the country and monitoring the Current Account Deficit of the country Why is this important? Since Indian Rupees is not a universally accepted currency in today's globalized world it is necessary to maintain a sustainable level of foreign exchange with the country to meet the essential reuirements for which our country is totally dependent upon the outside world like oil3 Exchange Rate ManagementThere are two types of exchange rates which are followed one is Nominal Exchange Rate and other one is Real Effective Exchange RateREER In the second one the effects of inflation of the countries is also taken into account RBI's job is to maintain these exchange rates within a reasonable band so as to prevent a lopsided activity either in the importer side or the exporter side4 InflationIn easier and popular language it is referred as Mehengai One of the toughest jobs of RBI because gone are the days when the inflation of domestic economy was only influenced by the domestic circumstances Today a policy shift in the exports of Brazil can fluctuate the prices of sugar and Rice in India I've barely scratched the surface of the duties of RBI and how does it go about performing them but i guess that will go a long way in demystifying the job of RBI I don't know how many of you have noticed but I hardly mentioned anything that was specific to this book After all there couldn't have been interesting times for RBI and its officials than the period of 2008 2013 Surprisingly this period also marks the tenure of our author who has had his share of interesting times be that due to the financial crisisthe Rupee tantrumsinitiated by Taper Tantrums NBFC regulationIt's very tempting to write a prose on each of the above mentioned topics but I know the temptation it'll create if I don't and I don't want to rob you off the 'interesting times' that one may have reading the sameWhen the facts change I change my mind What do you do sir? John Maynard Keynes